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Methodology

Approaching the study of the trajectories from secondary education into employment in accordance with the aims posed in this research demands a plural methodology which fits each of the phases.

The very title of the research (Trajectories from secondary education into employment: a biographical perspective) is the reflection of our conception of the methodological approach we consider to be the most appropriate to find out about and explain the trajectories taken by young people. The biographical perspective is undoubtedly the only one to provide us with a profound understanding of the reality under study, as it is the very biographical cosntruction of the different factors and decision-making processes that leads to one or the other trajectory. For this reason, the research we present is based on biographical itineraries. The first part of the field study is conducted with qualitative type methodology: in-depth interviews. However, the results produced from qualitative methods cannot be generalised, despite their great social value due to their Imagen Mediterráneo de Imma Gómezcontextualised nature and depth of analysis. In order to determine their degree of generalisation, the project includes a second phase in which information is obtained from a questionnaire which is given to a representative subject sample. The results derived from both approaches will also enable us to define guidelines so as to improve the programmes and services aimed at supporting young people in the different transitions between education and employment, mainly emphasising an improvement of the second chance education system.

Real sample
Territorial scope: Palma de Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain)

Qualitative Phase
This sample was divided into different subgroups depending on the qualifications the young people had when conducting the research. The real sample was made up of 42 participants, 19 male and 23 female distributed in the following way:

Level of Education
Female
Male
Total
Without School Leaving Certificate
3
6
9
Compulsory Education Graduates
6
3
9
Baccalaureate
4
3
7
Intermediate Level Vocational Training
1
2
3
Higher Level Vocational Training
2
2
4
University Degree
7
3
10

Quantitative phase
The sampling procedure in this phase was randomly stratified according to two strata: gender and level of vulnerability of the neighbourhood. That is, a random sample of the population census was taken, and this was distributed by proportional allocation depending on gender (male or female) and the 4 levels of vulnerability which the different neighbourhoods of Palma have been classified in (high, low, very high and very low). The final sample is made up of 580 people, distributed in the following way:

Level of
vulnerability
Female
Male
Total
High
81
80
161
Low
96
99
195
Very High
66
48
114
Very Low
63
47
110
Total
306
274
580


Phases

1st Phase (January to December 2010)
The first phase includes two activities:
·Draw up a state of affairs on the issues of  “Trajectories from secondary education into employment” and “Second chance education”.
· Qualitative study of trajectories, through the biographical analysis of 42 respondents.

2nd Phase (January to December 2011)
The second phase includes three activities:
· Study trajectories using a questionnaire (quantitative part of the study).
· Creation of the project Website.
· Creation of information-dissemination resources and materials in order to improve policies on second chance education.

3rd Phase (January to December 2012)
The third phase includes four activities:
· Produce the research report.
· Produce a report on contributions to be made in order to improve programmes, services and policies.
· Process cases based on personal biographies so as to analyse Policies.
· Produce an International Seminar to disseminate research results.
· Website maintenance.


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Proyecto TESE - TRAYECTORIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN SECUNDARIA AL EMPLEO
 

CONGRESSES AND SEMINARS CONTRIBUTIONS  |  JUNE-OCTOBER 2013
During these months the TESE research group have reported qualitative and quantitative research results with the participation in National and International Congresses and Seminars:
- June 2013: 8th Research, Work and Learning Conference, University of Stirling. Presented Paper:  An etnographic approach to explain how gender influenced youth transition pathways. http://www.stir.ac.uk/education/researching-work-and-learning/

- June 2013: Colloque Internationale Genre et discriminationsUniversitè Paris-Nanterre La Defense, París. Presented Paper: Genre, jeunesse et immigration: obstacles à l’égalité.
http://economix.fr/fr/activites/colloques/?id=162&page=programme

- September 2013: ESREA-7th European Research Conference, Humboldt University, Berlín. Presented paper: 
Inclusion and exclusion in continuing education for adults: the case of young people with a low level of education in Spain. 

http://ebwb.hu-berlin.de/aktuelles/esrea/conference-programme/esrea-book-of-abstracts

-September 2013: ECER 2013. Network VETNET, Istanbul . Presented paper:  School-to-work transitions 10 years after compulsory education: the case of Spanish young people with a low level of education.

http://www.eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/8/contribution/20968/

- October 2013: I International Congress of Educational Sciencies and Development, Santander. Presented paper: Itinerarios centrados en la formación: Linealidades y Rupturas.

http://www.ugr.es/~aepc/WEBEDUCACION/presentacion.html

- October de 2013: Grande Rencontre 2013 du réseau PARcours, La santé au coeur de la formation des Jeunes. Université du Québec à Montréal. Workshop: Santé, transition à l'âge adulte et crise économique. 

http://www.parcours.uqam.ca/component/content/article/158.html

DOCUMENTAL “L'école pour moi. Parcours de raccrochage scolaire"  MAY 2013 
PARcours Research Group at the University of Quebec in Montreal publish this film related to Youth retorn to educational system. You can find more information at the following link:

http://www.parcours.uqam.ca/upload/files/Bulletins/2013_mai.pdf

SEMINAR"Transitions to Adulthood in Knowledge Societies: Present and Future of Young People with Low Educational Levels” | FEBRUARY 2013

In November 2013 the International Seminar “Transitions to Adulthood in Knowledge Societies: Present and Future of Young People with Low Educational Levels" was held in Palma de Mallorca.This seminar was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and it was closely linked to the project “Pathways from Secondary Education into Employment: a Biographic Perspective” (Plan for R+D+I).Its main objectives are:

- To disseminate the results of current research in the field of training and employment courses of young people with low education. 

-To strengthen relationships with other research groups and the various actors in the territory of the Balearics.Transiciones a la vida adulta en las sociedades del conocimiento: presentes y futuro de los y las jóvenes con bajo nivel educativo

Access Link to Seminar’s Webpage (Conferences and Posters Documents)

 

NEW  NETWORK ON  LINKEDIN  TRANSICIONES-YOUTH TRANSITIONS NETWORK .| MARCH 2013

We create this network on Linkedin with the main objetive to share information between research groups and professionals, to share knowledge related to  Youth transitions to adulthood last researches and good practices. We invite you to visit the link:
http://www.linkedin.com/groups/TRANSICIONESYOUTH-TRANSITIONS-NETWORK-4863287?trk=myg_ugrp_ovr




 

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